The Cambodian and Sri Lankan apparel industries thrived under the MFA system. The global textile market size was valued at USD 961. Maintenance Management in Garment Industry - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. Table-III shows the comparative position of Export Receipts from major trading partners during the quarters July-September, 2019, April-June, 2019 and July-September, 2018, along with their trade shares. Identify key competitive issues in the textile and apparel industry 2. Describe cost plus method of pricing the garments. Bangladesh boasts the second largest garment/textile industry (China being number one. Project achievements A tool for supporting management decisions in outsourcing is developed. 99 (Business Case Journal, 2012). Reworks in the garments industry is a common works that hampers the smooth production rate and focus poor quality products having an impact on overall factory economy. Citing increased import penetration in many product segments and the concurrent erosion of domestic employment, many analysts regard. Production Efficiencies Because fabric represents as much as 70 percent of garment manufacturing cost, KPIs related to fabric use can flag potential profitability issues for factories. Presenting Quality. • Under pressure from workers, unions and civil society organisations, who have documented. During the Depression and continuing after World War II, the garment industry in Cleveland declined. By 2005 the (RMG) industry was the only multibillion-dollar. Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. For quality control, this document is known as a quality manual, which is followed by each and every company in the apparel industry. This spending occurs in two forms: the purchase of gear and vehicles, and dollars spent on trips and travel. Welcome to Myanmar and thank you for your interest in the Myanmar Garment Manufacturers Association! Our organization is proud to be the main forum and business services organization supporting the garment industry in Myanmar. The modern Cambodian industry was established only in the mid-1990s by investors from Hong. Yes No N/A Date Corrected. Currently, China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Indonesia and India are the key exporters of garments to the world. 2 billion in 2018 to $712. Textile and Garment Production planning and control are one of the most important aspects of the garment manufacturing industry. These findings include: » Young workers are participating in the garment sector but usually make up a small percentage of a. Industry Description The Apparel, Accessories & Footwear Industry includes companies involved in the design, manufacturing, wholesaling, and retailing of various products, including men’s, women’s, and children’s clothing, handbags, jewelry, watches, and footwear. Men’s and women’s apparel revenues have remained stable, but children’s. Karnataka minimum wage details for 2019-2020 applicable to Hotel and Garment Industry? Please Login Cite. Precision in planning equates to on-time shipments, the best use of labour, and assurances that appropriate supplies and equipment that are available for each order. - Drape or wrap various materials directly on your body (page 24). At 341,300 jobs, the U. The Textile and Apparel Industry Best Sellers Rank : #5 The Textile and Apparel Industry PDF. The global fashion industry was worth $2. industry’s key success factors, and finish by (f) cataloging the factors making the industry both attractive and unattractive (NetAdvantage, 2009). He is associated with Perfect Pharmaceutical Consultants Pvt. Most of the garments factories in Bangladesh are located at Gazipur and Narayanganj industrial area, Dhaka. 1 ISBN 92-2. Pre-Production Processes - Pre-production process includes sampling, sourcing of raw materials, Approvals, PP meeting etc. Swedish giant H&M is the current largest clothing retailer in the world at $20. Chain Store Guide has the most robust database of company, location, and market information for the retail & foodservice sector. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or other firms, organizations, or individuals who have participated in the preparation of this information. Since around 190 energy-efficiency measures and technologies for four major sub-sectors of the textile industry as well as for all the major cross-cutting technologies are explained in this. The share of apparel in India's retail market is 8%, corresponding to a value of USD 40 billion. (Separate Guidelines for Buymanship and Fashion Revue are provided on the website or at the 4-H office. Describe marginal cost pricing method. According to a garment industry textbook published by Pearson, consumers return only about 10% of defective garments to the retailer, even though they report dissatisfaction with over 20% of their clothing purchases. on the domestic industry (Apparel and Footwear Industry, 2006; Plunkett's Apparel and Textiles Industry Almanac, 2007). 2018; 2(2): 555581. Instead, the risks that clothing workers face. International Trade Commission. The garment industry has the capacity to evolve to meet oncoming challenges, and it will need to do so if it is to remain viable. Apparel or garment industry is the final stage of textile manufacturing where cloth is cut into different parts and sews to make various types of apparel. Since 1997, over 500 textile and apparel plants have closed, and more than 400,000 jobs have been lost (National Council of Textile Organizations, n. These interview questions are given in below collected from Top Garments companies. The industry is facing several problems, however, day by day, the industry is. 5 There are several countries that are particularly notorious for child labour in the textile and garment industry - including India, Uzbekistan, China,. Hidden subcontracting in the garment industry SOMO Fact Sheet 4 and be aware of all the actors and sites involved in the garment manufacturing process. 8 million people are in employed in the fashion industry, among whom 232,000 in manufacturing textiles for apparel and other fashion items. It will be difficult to maintain the industry if production is not, up to the mark if the preproduction. 2017 is shaping up to be another uncertain year for the apparel industry and its supply chain, according to first feedback from a panel of executives consulted by just-style. 5 million ready market reports, analytical data, company profiles and industry analysis. The HOPE and HELP Acts and the CBTPA have helped attract investment to Haiti's garment industry and increase exports to the U. The Cambodian and Sri Lankan apparel industries thrived under the MFA system. Textile industry is a voracious consumer of water. The major health risks in this industry do not arise from immediate, potentially fatal hazards. 1200 BC: Men in Egypt wear loincloths and a kind of kilt. Abstract: In this paper, we consider fashion supply chain management through cost and time minimization, from a network perspective and in the case of multiple fashion products. Production Efficiencies Because fabric represents as much as 70 percent of garment manufacturing cost, KPIs related to fabric use can flag potential profitability issues for factories. Log into your YouTube account, explore YouTube s vast video catalog, browse your favorite channels, and subscribe to new channels. by Grace I Kunz; Myrna B Garner; Elena Karpova. ASSESSING PROGRESS AFTER THE RANA PLAZA TRAGEDY In April 2013 a factory building called Rana Plaza collapsed in the Bangladeshi capital, Dhaka. Pre-Production Processes - Pre-production process includes sampling, sourcing of raw materials, Approvals, PP meeting etc. Companies range from small family business to multinationals. In 1978, he sent 130 trainees to South Korea where they learned how to produce readymade. Recent marketing literature has also focused on the increasing importan ce of retailing. related to the textile and garment industry, including leather and shoes. * Source TERI report Energy Efficiency in the Indian Industry Significant Potential for improvement MTOE • This graph is only indicative • Source: Various studies. The garment industry is therefore Cambodia´s most important manufacturing sector. A production line of Trina Fashion wear limited produces 250 dozens shelf camies by 30 operators in 10 hours. Fashion Retail Scenario in India: Trends and Market Dynamics The Indian retail market is expected to demonstrate a promising year-on-year growth of 6% to reach USD 865 billion, by 2023, from the current USD 490 billion. 4%) account for the rest. KTSC is an integrated Textile Mill established in 1986 as a public enterprise with a design & attainable capacity of 22 & 18 million square meters of fabric per year respectively. For the mining industry, a U. textiles, which includes the fashion and apparel. Quality Control Manual of Garments Everything is to be written in a document; how to control quality and how to get the best quality product. com Garments Samples…. Safer Choice Disclaimer. Before WWII, the American fashion industry operated with one eye consistently turned toward Europe. Cambodia Factsheet Gillian Kane 1 Facts on Cambodia's Garment Industry1 Key statistics Population (2014): 15, 4 million 2 Employment in garment industry (2013/14): sources give figures from approx. Apparel or garment industry is the final stage of textile manufacturing where cloth is cut into different parts and sews to make various types of apparel. hazardous issue could lead to future regulatory efforts. As of 1998, the Sri Lanka apparel industry employed about 300,000 people in 800 factories. Various types of machine use in the apparel industry from Warehouse to finishing. 4 what she makes: power and poverty in the fashion industry 5 In Bangladesh, the minimum yearly wage is $974; it would take more than 4,000 years for a garment worker to earn $4 million. textile and apparel industry on the road to recovery? This paper examines recent trends to determine whether data on trade, production, employment, and investment reflect the narrative surrounding revitalization of the industry. The fiber and textile production and the manufacture of clothing lead to the industrialization in the developing world. Bangladesh boasts the second largest garment/textile industry (China being number one. 95 billion in FY20 (up to November 2019). With Master PDF Editor you can add text with any formatting to a PDF document or edit existing text. by Grace I Kunz; Myrna B Garner; Elena Karpova. In the apparel industry, the most commonly used production systems are make through, modular production and assembly line production systems. garments production line we will see that there were lots of In-process inventories and waiting time between almost every sequential operation. There are numerous health and safety issues associated with the textile industry. The sector directly employs 12. responsive garment industry 6. It is reportedly now considered the deadliest accident in the history of the apparel industry. Aramark Uniform Services enhances your overall customer and employee experience, making it easier to run your business. The fashion and apparel industry encompasses a wide variety of garments and uses almost every type of textile manufactured. To compare: in 2000 only 20 million people were employed in the industry. Desh Garments Ltd, the first non-equity joint-venture in the garment industry was established in 1979. The most significant opportunity for savings is to increase the active life of clothes. understanding production activities of garment manufacturing industry in india. USAID identified productivity as a concern of employers and government, and created a Statement of Work with three tasks: • Establish a sustainable training and consulting center to improve productivity and manufacturing skills in Cambodia’s garment industry. Important South African Clothing and Textile Industry Statistics #1. apparel industry is bleak. Over one-third of U. • Under pressure from workers, unions and civil society organisations, who have documented. Quality Control Manual of Garments Everything is to be written in a document; how to control quality and how to get the best quality product. Currently, China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Indonesia and India are the key exporters of garments to the world. Recommendations for the Apparel Sector 7 developing garment production in Africa, but other countries, such as Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Tanzania, and Uganda, are expected to gain in popularity among global buyers. 0 5 Trade Exports India’s apparel exports grew at a CAGR of 5. Garment Guidance is the negotiated and government-backed benchmark for due diligence by industry, multi-stakeholder and government backed initiatives. textiles, which includes the fashion and apparel. 7% of the industry’s revenue for 2012. About 80,000 people are employed at any given time by the industry. E ix Figure 1. In 1978, he sent 130 trainees to South Korea where they learned how to produce readymade. Important South African Clothing and Textile Industry Statistics #1. The estimated energy saving potential is 23% for textile industry. (Business Partners Limited) #2. Texfed is an industrial federation of textile trade associations which aims to provide an excellent service to its members by advancing and promoting their trade and trade-related interests. 5 trillion in 2017, [1] yet the top 20 companies make 97 percent of the profits, with most apparel businesses squeaking by on razor-thin profit margins. Between 2016 and 2018, women’s employment increased by 5. In her book Waste and Want: A Social History of Trash, Susan Strasser, a professor of history at the University of Delaware, traces the "progressive obsolescence" of clothing and other consumer goods to the 1920s. Following a 38% increase in textile-based revenue from 1996 to 1997, in which the industry generated $2. We bring together insight and ingenuity to deliver inventive thinking, with every opportunity small and large, to create experiences that matter. Employment in the industry was 19. 19080/CTFTTE. The core value chain market actors include: Garment factories: Light manufacturing firms with organized production systems and optional export operations,. The use of whole-garment or seamless technology is gaining impetus in the apparel industry due to smooth fit, comfort, invisibility and easy-care properties (Nayak and Mahish, 2006). It is generally subdivided into two categories: clothing for men and boys and clothing for women and girls. apparel exports totaled roughly $6 billion, while imports were about $82 billion. So, by donating to DI, you are not only giving your things new life—you are giving people new life. ; Plunkett’s Apparel and Textiles Industry Almanac, 2007). Turning now to the second question, the key information is the increase in average wage for the industry as a whole taking into account the distribution of the garment work force by grades. 12 each — less than the cost of mailing a letter. Source: ACCE Egyptian Textile Industry and GATT, Potential and Uncertainty, 1998 Figure 2. Knit and nonknit apparel exports rank 27th and 33rd, respectively, in the value of AGOA countries’ exports, with AGOA countries amounting to under 1 percent of total global apparel trade. However, the Sri Lankan apparel industry has set a goal to of figuring in the list of top 10 garment manufacturing countries in the world by the. List the names and addresses (Number, Street, City, State, Zip Code) of all firms engaged in the garment manufacturing industry. Apparel Market Research Reports, Analysis & Trends Apparel industry comprises companies that operate by manufacturing, producing, and supplying of apparels for various purposes. Safe Transport of Containers by Sea Comprehensive information on the safe stuffing and transport of containers can be found in the joint International Chamber of Shipping and World Shipping Council publication ‘Safe Transport of Containers by Sea: Guidelines on Best Practices’. Various types of machine use in the apparel industry from Warehouse to finishing. The State of Fashion is now the largest and most authoritative overview of the industry, surveying more than 275 global fashion executives (approximately 30 percent more than last year) and interviewing thought leaders and pioneers. garment industry was severely damaged in the 1990s when the free market policies of the World Trade Organization (WTO) opened South Africa’s economy to an influx of imported goods and competition from other countries. * Source TERI report Energy Efficiency in the Indian Industry Significant Potential for improvement MTOE • This graph is only indicative • Source: Various studies. 7 bn in FY18. Let us see an example :-. US, EU and Japan are the key consuming markets. In this article I will discuss various departments in apparel manufacturing industry. The water is used for various processes like sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, printing and other finishing processes. Kunz: Fairchild Books. Previous studies analyzing productivity change in the textile and clothing industry have generally focused on a specific country and do not assess the differences across countries/regions. Subject: Apparel Merchandising Unit 6: Garment costing and pricing methods Apparel costing is useful for Budgeting and for setting standards for Measuring Efficiencies. sustain the industry’s competitiveness. Aramark Uniform Services enhances your overall customer and employee experience, making it easier to run your business. The primary destinations of India’s garment exports. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U. Chowdhury, Zahurul Alam and Mohammed Mizanur Rahman. xvi, 201 p. Khushboo Priyambada 2. Apparel manufacturing process 1. Since 1997, over 500 textile and apparel plants have closed, and more than 400,000 jobs have been lost (National Council of Textile Organizations, n. The Center has slowly and painstakingly poured over official records and followed leads on the ground to quite literally map Bangladesh's garment industry. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the Chemical Industry. pdf), Text File (. Vietnam Textile and Garment Industry - The textile and clothing (T&C) exports from Vietnam are rapidly touching heights. In a non-certified company you cannot trace the various inputs / outputs. Perfect fabric cutting depends on the method of cutting and marker planning. [email protected] The Pre-production Process in Garment Industry * Either small or bulk order quantity the production planning is must which reduces the risk of failures. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Standard Packaging is a distributor of high-quality shipping and packaging supplies, serving the packaging industry for over 30 years. In 1978, he sent 130 trainees to South Korea where they learned how to produce readymade. 1 Introduction India has been in the midst of a great social, political and economic change ever since reforms were introduced in various spheres of activity. 8 billion tonnes per year by 2030. India has a long history of textile and clothing and was one of the first place where cotton was cultivated and used as early as 3000 B. understanding production activities of garment manufacturing industry in india. isang pogi at isang super ganda na babae. I’m not claiming all is rosy in our industry. But if the current trends continue, the results will dramatically change the way individuals. Apply to Site Leader, Seamstress / Cut & Sew, Designer and more!. The fabric cutting is started after completing the fabric spreading. CLOTHING INDUSTRY. If we want to summarize, we can say that the industry covers the design, manufacturing, wholesaling, and retailing of clothes, footwear, and fashion accessories. Brand, model, keywords Catalogs by theme. The purpose of this chapter is to describe the concept of cost in the garment industry. The State of Fashion is now the largest and most authoritative overview of the industry, surveying more than 275 global fashion executives (approximately 30 percent more than last year) and interviewing thought leaders and pioneers. Those margins could become even thinner in 2019, with McKinsey estimating an industry growth rate of 3. Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. 1 ISBN 92-2. apparel industry. Contents of Directory irs-pdf. Within the Garment and textile industry it is no different. Table-III shows the comparative position of Export Receipts from major trading partners during the quarters July-September, 2019, April-June, 2019 and July-September, 2018, along with their trade shares. Retail sales in clothing stores in the United States. This Easy-To-Follow Reference Book Explores All Aspects Of Quality For The Clothing And Apparel Industry - Detailing The Fundamental Principles As Well As The Latest Topics In The Quality Profession. Excerpt from Apparel Manufacturing Industry Profile Companies in this industry manufacture garments made from purchased fabric and from fabric they produce themselves. 400, 0003 - 650 0004 Garment % of GDP (2013): 16% 5 Garment % of export: sources give figures from 70%6 - 80%7 Value garment export (2013): €3. ISO 9002:2008 certified, with an annual turnover to the tune of Rs. Clothing Industry Statistics and Trends. Parent Directory. The industry – and thus the reports in this grouping - involves such topics as: workwear, lingerie, baby products, and jewelry. Garment manufacturing involves number of operations carried out at different spots. The different during garments manufacturing. Further, the garment industry accounts for 16 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and 80 percent of Cambodia’s export earnings. In the garment industry quality control is practiced right from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the stage of final finished garment. Fashion and the SDGs: what role for the UN? Geneva, 1st of March, 2018 International Conference Center Geneva, ROOM 2 The fashion industry in numbers The fashion or apparel industry has an often underestimated impact on the development of our planet. * Sampling, sourcing of raw material, merchandising and production planning are some of the activities of the pre-production. In 2016, store-based retailing was valued at approximately 292 billion U. Global Garment Industry Factsheet Lina Stotz & Gillian Kane 1 Facts on The Global Garment Industry 1. He had a vision of how to transform the country. textile and apparel industry is a nearly $70 billion sector when measured by value of industry shipments. Currently, China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Indonesia and India are the key exporters of garments to the world. The late NuroolQuader Khan was the pioneer of the readymade garment industry in Bangladesh. • The garment industry is the largest employer in Bangladesh after agriculture. Today, the ready-to-wear clothing industry is a thriving industry that reaches males, females, and people of all ages with garments for all purposes, from the purely practical all the way to haute couture. Identify key competitive issues in the textile and apparel industry 2. 2 Product Placement in Movie Industry – Fashion Apparel Case studies. Trends and Drivers of the Apparel Industry Supply Chain The United States is one of the world’s largest markets for apparel products. He is associated with Perfect Pharmaceutical Consultants Pvt. London Fashion Week AW20: newcomers, sustainability and coronavirus. Minimization of reworks is a must in quality and productivity improvement. Again? Kimberlie Freund, Mary Roop, Heidi Colby-Oizumi. Process Flow Chart of Sewing Department in Garment Industry Rahat Khan Dept. For making quality garments they have to follow a working procedure of cutting. 8 billion tonnes per year by 2030. Fabric Light Box or Textile Light Box. 7bn in FY10 to $16. You can also insert images to the document, select and move objects, change the size of objects, save images to a file and copy objects them to the clipboard. while the HOPE II act is set to expire in 2018. Retail sales of clothing in China, 1995-2008 7 Figure 5. Included is Trade Call Investments Apparel (TCI Apparel), one. • The garment industry is the largest employer in Bangladesh after agriculture. Energy & Water Use Energy consumption and water usage in the textile industry are extremely high and occur at each stage of the lifecycle of textiles – at the production stage, in the use phase, where consumers use and care for textiles and garments and at the end stage, which covers either disposal and/or re use of the materials. – An open, non-air locked door can add billions of particles per cubic ft. Get everything you need in one highly informative technical journal. Second-hand clothing is all that is affordable to an individual earning $200 annually. Title: Garment Industry (1) 1 WELCOME 2 Contents 3 1. garments or clothing. In the United States an estimated 1. Federal institute, promoting development and application of standardization in the manufacturing and service industries. textile and apparel industry on the road to recovery? This paper examines recent trends to determine whether data on trade, production, employment, and investment reflect the narrative surrounding revitalization of the industry. A drop in exports to Eastern Europe to less than 1% occurred, similar to that observed for cotton products. Progressive Markets published a report, Sports Apparel Market Size, Trend, Share, Opportunity Analysis & Forecast, 2014-2025, which says that the sports apparel market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4. This derives from three factors: the industry's lowest wages (a minimum apparel wage of 18 cents an hour), ruthless suppression of unions, and a breathtaking disregard for worker safety. According to SelectUSA, a service of the federal government, U. Vietnam Textile and Garment Industry - The textile and clothing (T&C) exports from Vietnam are rapidly touching heights. Reports contain updates on retail trends, product developments, trade policy, company and country profiles, and business news � to keep retailers, manufacturers and investors informed of the facts and figures which affect their business. The next main part demonstrates a case of a Chinese fast fashion online retailer-Vancl, analyzing its. Gear purchases include anything for outdoor recreation, such as outdoor apparel and footwear,. (tansidco) sidco garment complex-ii near electronic complex thiru vi ka industrial estate guindy, chennai 600032 phone 22500073,22250185,22500289 fax: 22500792. Energy & Water Use Energy consumption and water usage in the textile industry are extremely high and occur at each stage of the lifecycle of textiles – at the production stage, in the use phase, where consumers use and care for textiles and garments and at the end stage, which covers either disposal and/or re use of the materials. The fashion and apparel industry encompasses a wide variety of garments and uses almost every type of textile manufactured. With a world population of over 7 billion, the clothing industry has a high demand. Throughout the eighteenth century, clothing manufacture—from the raising of the raw materials, through the spinning and weaving, to the sewing—was largely a household industry in the United States. Impact of new technology in clothing industry. Garments merchandising book pdf Download Garments merchandising book pdf We should want quality native apps, not something running in a virtual machine. Project Report on Garment Industry Discuss Project Report on Garment Industry within the PUBLISH / UPLOAD PROJECT OR DOWNLOAD REFERENCE PROJECT forums, part of the Projects HUB for Management Students ( MBA Projects and dissertations / BMS Projects / BBA Projects category; Hiiii Frds, this is a report on CONSUMER BEHAVIOR subject. 1,500 Cr (US$ 225 Million), with exports to almost every continent, and many firsts in the textile domain to its credit, Loyal Textiles is today. 7 billion in 2018 and is estimated to reach $248. GDP and per capita GDP, 2001-2009 4 Figure 2. systematic treatment of an art in clothing industry. Production Manager, Store Incharge, Leather, Executive and more!. Garment Guidance is the negotiated and government-backed benchmark for due diligence by industry, multi-stakeholder and government backed initiatives. An article of clothing. This article will give you an idea how a merchandiser work in the industry. topic, a time efficient supply chain model for an apparel company was determined. Retail sales in clothing stores in the United States. The rest of the apparel industry took notice: since 2013, there has been rising interest in not just Ethiopia but also other East African countries as potential sourcing destinations for apparel. According to New York State Department of Labor data, there are currently 3,320 apparel and textile manufacturing shops in the five boroughs. Men’s and women’s apparel revenues have remained stable, but children’s. Setting the Context: EE in the Garment Industry Key Indicators of the sector: 503,043 workers (>90% female) in more than 600 factories 16% of GDP total volume in 2013: US$4. Strategy in the Textile & Apparel Industry The research obje ctives of this paper include: 1. Robotics - Automation - Industrial IT. ; Production processes - Production processes are cutting, sewing etc. The garment industry is therefore Cambodia´s most important manufacturing sector. NPD collects weekly and monthly sales data from more than 30,000 doors globally, spanning all industry channels of distribution, including independent specialty stores, sport specialty stores, sporting goods, department stores, mass merchants, and ecommerce. Exports of textiles, clothing, and ready-made garments (RMG) accounted for 77% of Bangladesh’s total merchandise exports in 2002. Market Size & Industry Statistics. 70 billion in FY19 and is expected to increase to US$ 82. Smart Clothing Market size surpassed USD 150 million and is poised to register over 48% growth between 2017 and 2024. Lesson Plan: Examine Labor Practices in the Garment Industry OVERVIEW: This lesson plan is designed to be used in conjunction with the film Made in L. Every textile industry should maintain a moderate working condition for their employees. apparel imports come from China (36 percent), with Vietnam (11 percent), Bangladesh (6 percent),. The relative ease of setting up clothing companies, coupled with the prevalence of developed-country protectionism in this sector, has led to an unparalleled diversity of garment exporters in the third world. accounting in garment industry : problems. Made in Ethiopia: Challenges in the Garment Industry’s New Frontier — May 7, 2019 A new report from the NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights assesses the arrival of the global apparel industry in Ethiopia, identifies problems related to low wage levels, and makes recommendations for a way forward that benefits the industry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003, 207 pp. Executive Summary 2. Although the international athletic apparel industry is less concentrated than athletic footwear, for instance, the top-20 brands still manage to account for some 36% of the global wholesale market. The HOPE Act and CBTPA have been extended to 2020 through the HELP Act, 6. outer covering vb to cover or. This article has presented some important terms which will be very useful for the persons restated with textile and readymade garments sector. In the United States an estimated 1. Cambodia Factsheet Gillian Kane 1 Facts on Cambodia's Garment Industry1 Key statistics Population (2014): 15, 4 million 2 Employment in garment industry (2013/14): sources give figures from approx. Industry-Wide Data. ; Plunkett's Apparel and Textiles Industry Almanac, 2007). The apparel manufacturing industry exhibited negative growth in GDP and shipments between 2011 and 2015, even though domestic demand for apparel goods has increased. Chain Store Guide has the most robust database of company, location, and market information for the retail & foodservice sector. The Infants' and Children's Clothing Retailing industry has performed well over the past five years, despite turbulent retail conditions. of the garment industry from export-oriented production of simple budget clothes to exports of branded garments for the middle market and even for the more fashion-ori- ented high-end market. The California Labor Commissioner estimated in 1999, right before a new anti-sweat-shop law was passed, that the industry accumulated $72,620,000 in unpaid wages to mostly immigrant garment. 2 percent in 2020. 0020 Crren rens n shion ecnlog extile ngneerng References 1. During garments manufacturing, a process flow chart must be needed to complete an order easily. It is one of the basic steps of apparel manufacturing process. In 1978, he sent 130 trainees to South Korea where they learned how to produce readymade. Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. Apparel is the typical ‘starter’ industry for countries engaged in export-oriented industrialization, and it played the leading role in East Asia’s early export growth. Mining, quarrying, fishing, forestry, and. Minimization of reworks is a must in quality and productivity improvement. For the textile and apparel industry, product quality is calculated in terms of quality and standard of fibers, yarns, fabric construction, color fastness, designs and the final finished garments. Within the Garment and textile industry it is no different. 0 Introduction Over the past three decades, the textile and clothing industry has been an engine of economic growth, generated thousands of new jobs and propelled this island-nation towards prosperity. While a mechanized textile industry lowers the price of clothing, brings variety to the marketplace and frees up time for the workforce by outsourcing services, these benefits come with a cost. Women Face Challenges Working in Male-Dominated Workplace Cultures5. List the names and addresses (Number, Street, City, State, Zip Code) of all firms engaged in the garment manufacturing industry. However, under the social planning economic system, like all other industries in China, this industry could not develop into a competitive one, especially on the world market. Detection - Measurement. Selling: This includes, pricing, packaging, point-of-sale, retail experience, after-sale service and end of product life. For quality control, this document is known as a quality manual, which is followed by each and every company in the apparel industry. 12 each — less than the cost of mailing a letter. 3 To continue the growth trajectory, the fashion industry needs to ad-. Sewing section is the most important department of a garment manufacturing industry. GLOBAL TRENDS IN THE GARMENT SECTOR AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BANGLADESH: THE DUET OF SUSTAINABILITY & COMPETITIVENESS. Garment manufacturing is an assembly- oriented activity with a great range of raw materials, product types, production volumes, supply chains, retail markets and associated technologies. The global apparel market is valued at 3 trillion dollars, 3,000 billion, and accounts for 2 percent of the world's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This Book Is Further Refinement Of The Work Published Entitled An Introduction To Quality Control For The Apparel Industry By The American Society For Quality In September 1992. In January 2019, Just-Style consulted a panel of industry leaders and scholars in its Outlook 2019-Apparel Industry Issues in the Year Ahead management briefing. Define garment. CLOTHING INDUSTRY. textiles, which includes the fashion and apparel. The textile dyeing and finishing sector uses large volumes of water and substantial quantities of complex chemicals. Figure 3 reveals how Nike, Reebok, and Adidas dominate the international athletic apparel market, with Fila, Umbro, Puma, Asics,. Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. 4billion + Zara and Adidas move up the ranks as H&M’s brand value decrease pushes it down to 4th place + Uniqlo is the fastest-growing apparel brand in the top 10, up a whopping 48% year on year. industry’s key success factors, and finish by (f) cataloging the factors making the industry both attractive and unattractive (NetAdvantage, 2009). Over the past 20 years, the apparel industry has undergone significant changes that have made it more difficult for many businesses to accurately forecast demand for their products. Flow Chart Of Management Hierarchy For Apparel Industry March 9, 2012 Garments Apparel Manufa Engr. 7 bn in FY18. The sustainability and profitability of garment industry is governed by the productivity of that industry. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the Chemical Industry. Between 2016 and 2018, women’s employment increased by 5. Over 95% of today’s textile and apparel products are globally sourced, making. exposures to workers in the mining industry are con­ stantly being investigated by health and safety special­ ists. Prospects for volatile and uneven growth, Trump's trade policies, and tensions between the US and China are seen as the biggest challenges - as well as presenting opportunities for retailers and brands to rethink their. So, how the accounting in garment industry will be maintained in Tally. DEVELOPMENT OF THE GARMENTS AND TEXTILE INDUSTRY (source: Garments and Textile Export Board) The Philippine garment industry is one of the country's success stories. Desh Garments Ltd, the first non-equity joint-venture in the garment industry was established in 1979. 19080/CTFTTE. These are variable names for the same industry. The growth in exports can be attributed to shifting of the apparel manufacturing base from the developed countries like the US and the EU to the low-. As early as 1860 the manufacture of ready-to-wear clothing became one of Cleveland's leading industries. 1 ISBN 92-2. In 1978, he sent 130 trainees to South Korea where they learned how to produce readymade. At that time there were only 9 export-oriented garment. The share of apparel in India’s retail market is 8%, corresponding to a value of USD 40 billion. 2 percent of the total manufacturing workforce. 97 billion8 (some sources estimate the figure to be over $5 billion)9. The garment industry probably reached its peak during the 1920s, when Cleveland ranked close to New York as one of the country's leading centers for garment production. 0% in industries consisting of two-thirds men. Cambodia Factsheet Gillian Kane 1 Facts on Cambodia's Garment Industry1 Key statistics Population (2014): 15, 4 million 2 Employment in garment industry (2013/14): sources give figures from approx. The Cambodian and Sri Lankan apparel industries thrived under the MFA system. Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. Managerial hierarchy of an apparel industry can be as follow: Chairman ↓ Managing Director (MD) ↓. Tailoring. In 2003, U. Importance of Draping in Fashion Clothing Industry. E ix Figure 1. The HOPE and HELP Acts and the CBTPA have helped attract investment to Haiti's garment industry and increase exports to the U. 1 Overview 148 3. • Wage trends for garment workers in six additional countries among. Fashion industry Fashion is a big industry, when it is used in everyday speech usually shopping of clothing, jewelries and shoes that comes in mind. Safer Choice Disclaimer. Global Disposable Clothing Industry Market 2025: Global Disposable Clothing Industry Market professional research 2015-2025, is a report which provides the details about industry overview. While there was a lack of heavy hitte. Adam Spinning Factory +251-115571080 +251-221119473. 1,500 Cr (US$ 225 Million), with exports to almost every continent, and many firsts in the textile domain to its credit, Loyal Textiles is today. made in ethiopia: challenges in the garment industry’s new frontier In early April, a massive march led by Sidama women caused the park to shut down again for a day, losing two shifts. Compliance means conformity of certain standard. Apparel manufacturing process 1. isang pogi at isang super ganda na babae. textile and apparel industry is a nearly $70 billion sector when measured by value of industry shipments. The Sri Lankan apparel industry has been a largest export revenue earner for the past 30 years. Choi, Editor, IGI Global, Hershey, PA, pp. Given that secondhand clothing sales exist regardless whether brands approve, the opportunity is obvious: Brands can make a margin on selling the same garment multiple times while maintaining brand and quality control. The fabric cutting is started after completing the fabric spreading. pdf: 2020-05-04 22:10:15: 103. This derives from three factors: the industry's lowest wages (a minimum apparel wage of 18 cents an hour), ruthless suppression of unions, and a breathtaking disregard for worker safety. Federal institute, promoting development and application of standardization in the manufacturing and service industries. The apparel manufacturing industry exhibited negative growth in GDP and shipments between 2011 and 2015, even though domestic demand for apparel goods has increased. Six times a year, Textile Outlook International provides up to 200 pages of expert comment and analysis. Dyes used to produce toxic chemicals pollute waterways. Among those, some are known to us and others are not familiar with us. txsafetyatwork. The textile industry faces many problems: Poor working conditions in developing countries, high noise levels in garment factories, exposure to toxic chemicals and more. Web site offers news, articles, on-line standards store and up to date information about national and international standardization activities. View Notes - The_Garment_Industry (1). Garment definition is - an article of clothing. Dyes used to produce toxic chemicals pollute waterways. The thing that makes Bangladesh’s garment industry so huge is the same thing that makes it dangerous—and difficult to fix. For example, a pair of Under Armour men’s football cleats would cost a consumer $119. 2 billion in sales (as of January 2015) followed by Zara, another fast fashion specialist. New York Garment District. As the only textile & garment industry expo approved by UFI, this expo held concurrently with the Vietnam Fabric & Garment Accessories Expo. The Market Publishers, Ltd - world's largest market research reports database with more than 1. The seamless technique helps in waste reduction, cost-saving, lower lead time and flexibility to incorporate certain design features. The men's garment or clothing segment constitutes nearly 45 % of the total apparel market and growing at a constant rate each year. The Center has slowly and painstakingly poured over official records and followed leads on the ground to quite literally map Bangladesh's garment industry. Prospects for volatile and uneven growth, Trump's trade policies, and. A growing population of people aged 14 years and under, driven partly by high immigration rates, has supported revenue growth. 4 STRUCTURE OF THE MYANMAR GARMENT INDUSTRY 1. As a manufactured good, it offers. Compliance means conformity of certain standard. and transforms the clothing industry. 2017 is shaping up to be another uncertain year for the apparel industry and its supply chain, according to first feedback from a panel of executives consulted by just-style. 3 Heavy Industrial Enterprise (HIE-3), with other factories in paper and chemicals. The remnants of the ancient Indian clothing history can be found in Harappa civilization sites and Indus valley civilization sites. on the domestic industry (Apparel and Footwear Industry, 2006; Plunkett's Apparel and Textiles Industry Almanac, 2007). ERP 9 with inventory? The customer would want to keep track of the suits given on rent, and their collection. Four times a year, Global Apparel Markets provides essential and up-to-date analysis and insight into the global apparel industry. India Garment Industry has an advantage as it produces and exports stylish garments for men at economical prices due to cheap labour rates. The volatile nature and rigorous competition in the garment industry drive all the companies to minimise their cost by controlling inventory, accurate forecasting and low mark-downs. SaigonTex 2019 - Vietnam Textile & Garment Industry Expo is the biggest and the most influential event in the textile and garment industry of Vietnam. KTSC is an integrated Textile Mill established in 1986 as a public enterprise with a design & attainable capacity of 22 & 18 million square meters of fabric per year respectively. DAILY WEAR family This family includes work clothing for daily use for a prolonged time, with an ATPV rating from 10 cal/cm2 up to 41 cal/cm2. Hydraulics - Pneumatics. In this guide This guide has been researched and developed with industry. This may also include export depending on the market. Important South African Clothing and Textile Industry Statistics #1. Segments As we move forward, the focus of this paper is on the Women's Retail Apparel Industry. 8 million people are in employed in the fashion industry, among whom 232,000 in manufacturing textiles for apparel and other fashion items. Ethiopia’s textile and garment industry witnessing rapid growth, as a number of domestic and multinational firms are being engaged in the production of textile and apparel for domestic and global markets. In the colonial period fine imported textiles, including clothing and bed and table linens, were costly items. This has necessitated that they implement new and computerized methods of supply chain management (SCM). All the process of garment manufacturing are done in different sections in garment industry. com helping fashion companies succeed with buyer and. The world childrenswear market is expected to reach beyond. 1 Overview of Various Departments in the Garment Industry Apparel production, also known as garment production is the process of converting fabric into garments. Y Jayarathna Lecturer, Department of Human Resource Management Faculty of Commerce and Management Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka. com HS95-070F (12-2016) Worksite General. Presenting Quality. International Trade Commission. apparel manufacturing industry currently runs a trade deficit. The Global Textile and Clothing Industry post the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing by Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås1 World Trade Organization Geneva, Switzerland Disclaimer and citation guideline Discussion Papers are presented by the authors in their personal capacity and opinions expressed in these papers should be attributed to the authors. Turning now to the second question, the key information is the increase in average wage for the industry as a whole taking into account the distribution of the garment work force by grades. Fashion is one of the biggest industries with a high level of competition which requires companies to differentiate themselves. 1 Almost 75% of the world's fashion market is concentrated in Europe, USA, China and Japan. Bureau of Mines report documented up to a 1 mg/m. The number of defective garments returned to manufacturers is even smaller. The thing that makes Bangladesh’s garment industry so huge is the same thing that makes it dangerous—and difficult to fix. Company Name Telephone FAX E-mail P. The textile and apparel industry in Canada is a well-established sector that has successfully transformed from traditional mass production to the development of technical and non-woven textiles. New Apparel Industry Group Kicks off Project to Eliminate Textile Waste Accelerating the move from linear to circular Accelerating Circularity, a new apparel industry collaborative project, announced today the launch of its effort to accelerate the textile industry’s move from linear to circular. Describe cost plus method of pricing the garments. Included is Trade Call Investments Apparel (TCI Apparel), one. 19080/CTFTTE. Materials - Tools - Components. Kunz: Fairchild Books. There are numerous health and safety issues associated with the textile industry. Each step of the clothing production process carries the potential for an environmental impact. 03/02) Application For Registration - Garment Manufacturing Industry - English (page 3 of 6) 16. In a non-certified company you cannot trace the various inputs / outputs. Bureau of Mines report documented up to a 1 mg/m. This chapter explores how the Myanmar garment industry has grown and declined over the previous two decades amidst the changing international economic environment and fragile availability of market access. Textile industry is a voracious consumer of water. 5% of GDP and provides employment for about 15 million people – 30% of the country's 49-million-strong workforce. Factory Lay Out of Apparel Industry - authorSTREAM Presentation. Electricity - Electronics. Flow Chart Of Management Hierarchy For Apparel Industry March 9, 2012 Garments Apparel Manufa Engr. dollars in export from the textile and apparel sector by 2030 (according to Bogale Feleke, Ethiopian Deputy Minister of Industry) and establish a foundation for further growth of the strategic heavy industries. Furthermore, the industry is looking for workers who are multi-skilled in. ) Most of these jobs are found in eight States: Alabama, California, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and. This is the major operation of the cutting room, of all of the operations in the cutting room this is the most decisive because once the fabric has been cut, very little. Today the by the way of Technological advancement and use of sophisticated machinery it has enabled the manufacturers to achieve better quality and well designed garments. Ideas for Industry F General Management Practices — make a corporate commitment to water yield big savings: —equipment cleaning acility managers are finding that water efficiency programs are an effective way to reduce operating costs. The clothing industry is generally seen as a safe place to work. April 15, 2020 Dr. Hr In Textile / Garments Industry - Pdf Download. It is one of the basic steps of apparel manufacturing process. while the HOPE II act is set to expire in 2018. A subscription provides an overview of the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. of wearable technology and smart clothing, and barriers to smart clothing adoption. The Economic Impact of the Fashion Industry Page 2. AIMS 360 is the #1 apparel software in the industry! Currently powering over 600+ manufacturers, wholesalers and importers of apparel, footwear, accessories and other fashion-related goods. Garment Costing. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or other firms, organizations, or individuals who have participated in the preparation of this information. The relative ease of setting up clothing companies, coupled with the prevalence of developed-country protectionism in this sector, has led to an unparalleled diversity of garment exporters in the third world. The sustainability and profitability of garment industry is governed by the productivity of that industry. SaigonTex 2019 - Vietnam Textile & Garment Industry Expo is the biggest and the most influential event in the textile and garment industry of Vietnam. Introduction to Indian Garment Industry. that must be engaged and considered within the apparel industry. The finishing department usually received two types of garments – Wash garments: Wash garments are received from the washing plant after wash and followed by some other processes in the finishing department in garment industry. The country has greater confidence to take on the competition from developed countries and has attracted global. Kunz: Fairchild Books. But if the current trends continue, the results will dramatically change the way individuals. Compliance means conformity of certain standard. outer covering vb to cover or. We develop a multicriteria decision. The world childrenswear market is expected to reach beyond. vellore district tamilnadu •• tamilnadu small industries development corporation ltd. There are so many important terms used in apparel manufacturing industry. It covers the majority of large companies and was extended to gain a view on currently. Apply to Site Leader, Seamstress / Cut & Sew, Designer and more!. Insights into working conditions in Indias garment industry / International Labour Office, Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (FUNDAMENTALS) - Geneva: ILO, 2015 ISBN: 978-92-2-129808-3 (Print); 978-92-2-129809- (Web PDF). The textile industry in India traditionally, after agriculture, is the only industry that has generated huge employment for both skilled and unskilled labour in textiles. Apr 30, 2020 (WiredRelease via COMTEX) -- Key Market Insights 2020 The latest report pertaining to Global Women’s Tennis Apparel Market on the basis of. Everything Old Is New Again. Benefits of TexAMS (Textiles Application Management System) ERP in Textile Industry: » The TexAMS ERP (enterprise resource planning) solutions - seek to integrate the business processes involving eight critical areas in the textile production planning which includes raw material, finance, payroll, inventory, quality, sales and plant maintenance. apparel, athletic footwear, and sporting accessories appeal to a wide range of demographics. oil, iron ore, timber, fish. The share of apparel in India’s retail market is 8%, corresponding to a value of USD 40 billion. The very natures of employer. He had a vision of how to transform the country. Process Flow Chart of Sewing Department in Garment Industry Rahat Khan Dept. Prospects for volatile and uneven growth, Trump's trade policies, and tensions between the US and China are seen as the biggest challenges - as well as presenting opportunities for retailers and brands to rethink their. RISK IDENTIFICATION,ASSESSMENT & MITIGATION TEMPLATE. 3% from 2020 to 2027 owing to the increased demand for apparels, especially in developing countries such as China, India, Mexico, and Bangladesh. 1 Industry Profile (2006) 2 2. The OECD (HTML, PDF files, and maps);. 7 bn in FY18. Sports Apparel Market - Overall Industry Statistics 2025. 95 billion in FY20 (up to November 2019). textile industry; the garment (clothing) industry is not addressed in this guidebook. 3 Major Markets and Exported Products 151 3. The Economic Impact of the Fashion Industry Page 2. To her, garment requires technology to convert it into a finished product. Using the markers made from graded patterns and in accordance with the issue plan, fabrics are cut to prepare garment assembly. Of the twenty-one countries investigated by PRI, the monthly wage for garment workers range widely from $1,864 (USA) to $194 (Sri Lanka). The full amount of garments and fabrics in the world All we have to do now is to find out the number of garments produced in the world per year or, more precisely, how much textile is used in the process. Safe Transport of Containers by Sea Comprehensive information on the safe stuffing and transport of containers can be found in the joint International Chamber of Shipping and World Shipping Council publication ‘Safe Transport of Containers by Sea: Guidelines on Best Practices’. Minimization of reworks is a must in quality and productivity improvement. Food and grocery stores comprises the largest chunk of the Indian retail market. 4billion + Zara and Adidas move up the ranks as H&M’s brand value decrease pushes it down to 4th place + Uniqlo is the fastest-growing apparel brand in the top 10, up a whopping 48% year on year. Textile and Clothing Industry in India India has a long history of textile and clothing and was one of the first place where cotton was cultivated and used as early as 3000 B. The garment industry probably reached its peak during the 1920s, when Cleveland ranked close to New York as one of the country's leading centers for garment production. 0 Challenges of Vietnam Textile and Garments Industry and Recent Initiatives 30 8. The garment industry has the capacity to evolve to meet oncoming challenges, and it will need to do so if it is to remain viable. Shipments decreased at an average annual rate of 4. The up-to-date bulk data used for the indicators such as the number of initiatives in the garment manufacturing industry, the production value, the. This report is a compendium of these. THE CHINESE MARKET FOR CLOTHING SC-11-212. vii Preface xiii Acknowledgments xv ONE The Global Scope of Apparel. Application of Lean Manufacturing to Higher Productivity in the Apparel Industry in Bangladesh 1 * Md. enya's textile and apparel sector has the potential to play a key role in anchoring the country's deeper movement into middle income status and in serving as a source of gainful employment for its fast growing, young population. Over the next few decades, the apparel industry grew to represent Sri Lanka's number one export. For the textile and apparel industry, product quality is calculated in terms of quality and standard of fibers, yarns, fabric construction, color fastness, designs and the final finished garments. The Sri Lankan apparel industry has been a largest export revenue earner for the past 30 years. The sector has undergone radical change recently to maintain its competitiveness with a move towards products with higher value added. The world childrenswear market is expected to reach beyond. This will mean increases of 39%-76%. The T&C industry still generated. 7% from $10. Mazedul Islam, 1Adnan Maroof Khan, 2Md. All shade assessment and colour matching must be carried out in a purpose built colour matching cabinet named Fabric light box or textile light box which can be purchased from several. These designers are influential in setting trends in fashion, but, contrary to popular belief. 4,897 Apparel Industry jobs available on Indeed. The industry - and thus the reports in this grouping - involves such topics as: workwear, lingerie, baby products, and jewelry. Strategies are being designed to improve competitiveness and responsiveness of the chains by increasing the diversification of products and value addition. It can take more than 20,000 litres of water to produce 1kg of cotton, equivalent to a single t-shirt and pair of jeans. org indexes and compares the best Manufacturing ERP software systems for industry from the top-rated vendors in the United States and Canada, simplifying software evaluation and selection for small, mid-sized and large manufacturing and distribution industries and enterprises. London Fashion Week AW20: newcomers, sustainability and coronavirus. Harmful gender norms that perpetuate inequality of women and men in workplaces must be addressed to guarantee women's full participation at work. The textile dyeing and finishing sector uses large volumes of water and substantial quantities of complex chemicals. According to SelectUSA, a service of the federal government, U. Cambodia´s garment industry contributes approximately 19 per cent to the national GDP and 72 per cent of the country’s exports. Plot #22, Sector - 2, Cepz Chittagong Chittagong. 36/2008/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister, approving the strategy on development of Vietnamese textile and apparel industry until 2015 and orientations to 2020) - Overall objectives. Final Inspection Process flow chart in Apparel Industry. It is envisaged that by determining the reasons for employee turnover intention at a selected clothing company in the Cape Town Clothing industry and by providing possible solutions to remedy the problem, a better working environment and improved relations between management and staff will prevail. The sector directly employs 12. 6 Fast fashion is low-cost clothing collections that mimic current fashion trends. Textile industry is the third largest energy consuming industry after chemical and engineering sector. DAILY WEAR family This family includes work clothing for daily use for a prolonged time, with an ATPV rating from 10 cal/cm2 up to 41 cal/cm2. Throughout the eighteenth century, clothing manufacture—from the raising of the raw materials, through the spinning and weaving, to the sewing—was largely a household industry in the United States. INDUSTRY ANALYSIS: WOMEN'S APPAREL 4 hip-hop movement brought baggy pants into fashion" (Random, 2007). For quality control, this document is known as a quality manual, which is followed by each and every company in the apparel industry. The world clothing and textile industry (clothing, textiles, footwear and luxury goods) reached almost $2,560 trillion in 2010. The country has greater confidence to take on the competition from developed countries and has attracted global. Abstract: In this paper, we consider fashion supply chain management through cost and time minimization, from a network perspective and in the case of multiple fashion products. The HOPE Act and CBTPA have been extended to 2020 through the HELP Act, 6. The up-to-date bulk data used for the indicators such as the number of initiatives in the garment manufacturing industry, the production value, the. garment manufacturing. Turning now to the second question, the key information is the increase in average wage for the industry as a whole taking into account the distribution of the garment work force by grades.
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